XTAMPAK-RIVER OF OAKS

1st day

 

                                                                          Calakmul

 

Calakmul was discovered at the beginning of the 30s of the last century, but it was not until the 1980s that systematic research allowed us to discover the essence of this city as one of the most important of the Classic Maya. The most recent investigations have concluded that Calakmul is the most important city of the Classic Maya and together with Tikal and Palenque they headed the political organization of the highlands. Hieroglyphic studies have shown a history of wars between Calakmul and Tikal for almost a century of history, which speaks of the political rivalry of these cities. There is a unique urban planning, with large ceremonial plazas and residential complexes.

 

 

 

It is also the site where a greater number of stelae have been found in the Maya area, many of them from the Late Preclassic Period (400 a.C.).

 

                                                                         Balamkú

 

 

                                                                Cultural Importance

 

It has an approximate extension of 1 km², it is integrated by 3 architectural groups: the south group, the central and the north, of which the first 2 have been excavated, but only partially.

 

 The most important archaeological piece of the site is in the southern group, it is a large frieze of polychrome stucco, exceptional in the Mayan sites, called "The frieze of the universe". It was decreed as an Area Subject to Ecological Conservation on August 14, 2003.

 

                                               

 

2nd day

 

                                                                        Xpuhil

 

                                                            Cultural Importance

 

 

 

The first evidence of occupation dates from 400 a. C. but its most important stage reaches the Terminal Classic, although it is possible that from the Early Classic, Xpuhil and the entire Rio Bec region began to be constituted as a well-defined ethnic block peninsular. One feature that stands out in the site is that the so-called Building 1 is atypical in terms of its architecture since it has three towers instead of the two typical Rio Bec style.

 

 

 

Chronology: 400 a. C. to 1200 d. C.

 

 

 

Main chronological location: Late Classic, 600 to 800 d. C.

 

Recently, the archaeologist Vicente Suárez Aguilar has carried out research, conservation and archeological salvage work of groups 3 and 20 located within the urban area and current periphery of the municipal capital of Xpujil. These settlements, in total 24, are part of the great pre-Hispanic city known as the archaeological zone of Xpuhil, which covers 6 kilometers from east to west by 2 from north to south.

 

                                                                            BECAN

 

The existence of a moat that surrounds the Becán nuclear area determined its name, which in Yucatec Maya means "Road or cavity left by the running of water".

 

 Becan is a site of singular importance to be surrounded by an artificial pit that for some researchers is evidence of the high warlike activity between this and other neighboring sites. To enter the monumental area surrounded by the moat there are seven entrances, which could be accessed by the population settled outside it and dedicated to agricultural and craft work. Because of its importance and location, Becan is considered a regional capital, that is, it headed the territorial political organization of other minor settlements.

 

                                                                         CHICANNÁ

 

Chicanná means in Yucatec Maya "in the house of the mouth of the serpent" (Chi: mouth, Can: snake, Ná: house).

 

It is the site that has the largest number of "Río Bec" type buildings in good condition. The panels of masks that have Structures I, VI and XX, are good examples of regional iconography and show the evolution of the representations of the Monster of the Earth; On the other hand, the analysis of the archaeological materials of Chicanná makes possible the interpretation of the existing relations between the old city of Becán and this peripheral center so close to the regional metropolis.

 

                                                                       KOHUNLICH

 

 The name of Kohunlich comes from the English cohoon ridge (lomerío de corozos), which refers to the existence of corozo palms, a characteristic species of the Petén area.

 

It is made up of housing units and civic and ceremonial architectural complexes, surrounded by fertile lands for cultivation, located in an area of 14 km2. The first occupation of Kohunlich is located in the Late Preclassic (300 BC -250 AD), stage were built low-rise platforms around the Plaza Ya'axná, buildings that were covered in the Early Classic for monumental buildings. During this period, the Temple of the Masks was erected, decorated with eight figures molded in stucco with polychrome, in red and black colors, on masonry frames, of which only five are preserved. His iconography represents real characters, dressed with attributes related to the sun.

 

 

OPTIONAL: TRANSFER TO CHETUMAL OR BACALAR, OR IF YOU WANT TO RETURN TO CAMPECHE


XTAMPAK-LOS MAYAS DE CAMPECHE

Can you imagine 2 days touring these beautiful Archaeological Zones?

Only here you can admire the different types of architecture that the ancient Mayans used, visit the different ceremonial plazas, Mayan stelae; you can also enjoy the flora and fauna (monkeys, jaguar, turkeys, toucans and a variety of birds) which are surrounded by our archaeological sites. Enjoy each of them!

 

1st day                                                                                         

                                                                                                          EDZNA

It is located only 70 km from the city of Campeche.

 

Itza is the name of a lineage of Chontal origin that was established on the site. . By extension, the inhabitants of other settlements referred to the inhabitants of this ancient Mayan city as "Itzáes"; from here comes his name: Ytzná / Edzná: "House of the Itzáes" - "Gestures or Echoes". Many facades were decorated with faces of gods, with mythical animals and symbols; the motifs were modeled stucco (similar to plaster) and were painted in various colors. All these elements are considered characteristic of Petén architecture.

                                                                            BECAN

The existence of a moat that surrounds the Becán nuclear area determined its name, which in Yucatec Maya means "Road or cavity left by the running of water".

 

 Becan is a site of singular importance to be surrounded by an artificial pit that for some researchers is evidence of the high warlike activity between this and other neighboring sites. To enter the monumental area surrounded by the moat there are seven entrances, which could be accessed by the population settled outside it and dedicated to agricultural and craft work. Because of its importance and location, Becan is considered a regional capital, that is, it headed the territorial political organization of other minor settlements.

                                                                         

                                                                       CHICANNÁ

Chicanná means in Yucatec Maya "in the house of the mouth of the serpent" (Chi: mouth, Can: snake, Ná: house).

 

It is the site that has the largest number of "Río Bec" type buildings in good condition. The panels of masks that have Structures I, VI and XX, are good examples of regional iconography and show the evolution of the representations of the Monster of the Earth; On the other hand, the analysis of the archaeological materials of Chicanná makes possible the interpretation of the existing relations between the old city of Becán and this peripheral center so close to the regional metropolis.

 

2nd day

                                                                 CALAKMUL

Calakmul means in Maya "Two Adjacent Mounds" (Ca two, adjacent Lak, Mul artificial mound or pyramid), a name that refers to the two large structures that dominate the jungle.

The most recent investigations have concluded that Calakmul is the most important city of the Classic Maya and together with Tikal and Palenque they headed the political organization of the highlands. Hieroglyphic studies have shown a history of wars between Calakmul and Tikal for almost a century of history, which speaks of the political rivalry of these cities. There is a unique urban planning, with large ceremonial plazas and residential complexes.

                                                                       

                                                                       BALAMKÚ

The name of the site derives from the Mayan words: Balam (jaguar) and Kú (temple), meaning "Temple of the Jaguar". This name refers to one of the jaguars embodied in the modeled and polychrome stucco frieze that crowns the I-A Sub-structure of the Central Group, which characterizes this pre-Hispanic city.

In Balamkú there is a modeled and painted stucco frieze unique in the Mayan area, which was elaborated between 550 and 600 d. C. In the frieze there are 4 ascension scenes alternated with three jaguars. Each one comprises an animal with its head turned backwards, seated in the frontal slit of a mask of the Monster of the Earth; his mouth, gives way to a king on his throne. In addition to illustrating in detail the opposite and complementary aspects of the underworld, the set shows that the dynastic cycle is equated to the solar cycle. In this conception, the accession to the throne is illustrated by the king coming out of the fauces of the terrestrial monster, as the Sun leaves the mouth of the Earth; The death of the king is seen as a sunset, when it falls into the mouth of the Earth Monster.


XTAMPAK-AMONG TWO SEAS

1st. day

                                                                        CALAKMUL

Calakmul was discovered at the beginning of the 30s of the last century, but it was not until the 1980s that systematic research allowed us to discover the essence of this city as one of the most important of the Classic Maya. The most recent investigations have concluded that Calakmul is the most important city of the Classic Maya and together with Tikal and Palenque they headed the political organization of the highlands. Hieroglyphic studies have shown a history of wars between Calakmul and Tikal for almost a century of history, which speaks of the political rivalry of these cities. There is a unique urban planning, with large ceremonial plazas and residential complexes.

 

 

It is also the site where a greater number of stelae have been found in the Maya area, many of them from the Late Preclassic Period (400 a.C.).

 Balamkú

 

                                                               Cultural Importance

It has an approximate extension of 1 km², it is integrated by 3 architectural groups: the south group, the central and the north, of which the first 2 have been excavated, but only partially.

 The most important archaeological piece of the site is in the southern group, it is a large frieze of polychrome stucco, exceptional in the Mayan sites, called "The frieze of the universe". It was decreed as an Area Subject to Ecological Conservation on August 14, 2003.

 

2nd day

                                                                      CHAMPOTON

 Enjoy an exquisite breakfast in front of the sea.

"Chakán Putum" in Maya. The word "Chakán" means savannah, while "Putum" variant of Petén means region or region. This means that if we put the two words together we get that it is translated as "savanna region".

                                         

                                                EX HACIENDA SAN LUIS CARPIZO

 

This farm belonged to Don José María Carpizo, it is in perfect condition since it was restored by the Navy of Mexico to house the marine infantry school there since 1999.

We can say that the state of conservation is excellent because the restoration was almost all of the main halls of the hacienda including those of the acasillados and peones. It has a large patio in front of the main house and its cobbled streets are flanked by the hamlet. All the details have been rescued, and the red color of its walls together with the old and capricious designs of its alarifes print a great originality.

                                       

                                        CENOTE DE MIGUEL COLORADO

 

The intricate path reaches its shore and there the landscape will fascinate you, its body of water (with a radius of 250 meters) is surrounded by rock walls over 80 meters high covered with trees that are reflected in the water of a deep green color.

This fantastic place is impressive to look at, which will allow you to make a trip by zipline along the diameter of the cenote, practice kayaking, take walks around, contemplate the native fauna in its various viewpoints that have been prepared for the Enjoy the visitor.

 

It is quite an adventure to know the Cenotes of Miguel Colorado.


XTAMPAK- PALENQUE

In this tour you will know the Palenque City of Mayan origin located in the Mexican State of Chiapas, near the Usumacinta River, and whose main tourist attraction is the Archaeological Zone of Palenque. A few kilometers away are the Cascadas de Misol-Ha, Cascadas de Agua Azul and Agua Clara, from which you can enjoy and admire its natural beauty.

 

1st day

                                                        PALENQUE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AREA.

 

Palenque (in Mayan: Bàak ') is a Mayan archaeological site that is located in the center of a tropical forest in what is now the municipality of Palenque, located northeast of the Mexican state of Chiapas, near the Usumacinta River. It is one of the most impressive sites of this culture. In comparison with other Mayan cities, it is considered of medium size. Less than Tikal or Copán, it stands out for its architectural and sculptural heritage.

The area discovered until 2005 covers 2.5 km², but it is estimated that only less than 2% of the total area reached by the city has been explored, with more than a thousand structures still covered by the jungle. In 1981, Palenque was designated a national park. Unesco declared it a World Heritage Site in 1987.

 

                                                             CITY OF PALENQUE

Palenque means "Bakal-Há", which means "many waters", result of the many rivers that flow in Palenque.

The diversity of the flora includes timber resources such as ceiba, cedar, mahogany, chicozapote, as well as guarumbo, rubber, jimba, capulin, calaguaste, canishte, coralillo, castarica, pasaque, guayacán.

 

The fauna is also varied, you can find wild boar, armadillo, raccoon, flat turtle, crocodile turtle, porcupine, coati (badger), tlacuache (opossum), deer kid, iguana de ribera, boa, coralillo and king vulture, as well as Birds such as hummingbird pea, chachalacas, macaws and some toucans although one of the most emblematic species is the howler monkey or howler monkey.

 

2nd. Day                                                   MISOLHA

 

Misol-ha comes from the word cho'l which means "water that sweeps", comes from há (water) and misol (palm from which broom is made to sweep).

This waterfall is located in the Ejido San Miguel, Municipality of Salto de Agua.

As a result of the precipitation of a river by a cliff of calcareous rocks, this beautiful waterfall of approximately 30 m. of height, which when falling, forms a large pool in which it is possible, with caution, to practice swimming. This refreshing and beautiful setting is found in a typical example of the high tropical jungle of the Chiapanecan highlands, and in the middle of a rich vegetation composed of tall specimens of mahogany, chicozapotes and water sticks. The place functions as a tourist park managed under an ejido cooperative composed of local inhabitants, with discreet services, including restaurant and lodging in pleasant rustic cabins.

 

Due to its pleasant natural environment and easy access, this attraction has all the elements for eco-tourism activities.

    

                                                                      CLEAR WATER

 It is located towards the Southwest of the City of Palenque, in the town of Agua Clara after two kilometers. The name of the resort derives from its location in the town of Agua Clara. This attraction has the necessary facilities to enjoy the natural environment. The Tulijá River runs through this Tourist Center, with the Michol, Bascám, Misol-Há and Shumuljá as tributaries.

                                                                     

                                                                    BLUE WATERFALL

The flora and fauna protection area Cascadas de Agua Azul, also of the Agua Azul Waterfall, is an area of protection of flora and fauna of Mexico located in the State of Chiapas of international recognition.

Its waterfalls are formed by the tributaries of the Otulún, Shumuljá and Tulijá rivers, forming not very deep canyons with vertical cliffs that give rise to their turquoise waterfalls. They are to the north of the State of Chiapas, in the limits of the municipality of Tumbalá and the municipality of Chilon. The waters have that beautiful blue color because of the salts of carbonates that are dissolved. The vegetation is mountain forest type, exuberant, in some parts it covers the river, it is common to see trunks of fallen petrified trees.


XTAMPAK - In 2 BIG CITIES

1st. day

                                                                         Calakmul

Calakmul means in Mayan "Two Adjacent Mounds", a name that refers to the two large structures that dominate the jungle.

 

Cultural Importance

Calakmul was discovered at the beginning of the 30s of the last century, but it is until the 80s that systematic research allows us to discover the essence of this city as one of the most important of the Classic Maya. The most recent investigations have concluded that Calakmul is the most important city of the Classic Maya and together with Tikal and Palenque they headed the political organization of the highlands. It is also the site where a greater number of stelae have been found in the Mayan area, many of them from the Late Preclassic period (400 BC). These constitute the main object of epigraphic and iconographic study, which has made possible the reconstruction of the political and dynastic history of this city. Calakmul presents a pattern of settlement that was adapted to the geography of its surroundings, its nuclear area is represented by five architectural ensembles that were connected by means of squares.

                                       

                                                                          BALAMKÚ

 

Meaning

The name of the site derives from the Mayan words: Balam (jaguar) and Kú (temple), meaning:

"Temple of the Jaguar".

This name refers to one of the jaguars embodied in the modeled and polychrome stucco frieze that crowns the I-A Sub-structure of the Central Group, which characterizes this pre-Hispanic city.

 

Cultural Importance

In Balamkú there is a modeled and painted stucco frieze unique in the Mayan area, which was elaborated between 550 and 600 d. C. In the frieze there are 4 ascension scenes alternated with three jaguars. Each one comprises an animal with its head turned backwards, seated in the frontal slit of a mask of the Monster of the Earth; his mouth, gives way to a king on his throne. In addition to illustrating in detail the opposite and complementary aspects of the underworld, the set shows that the dynastic cycle is equated to the solar cycle. In this conception, the accession to the throne is illustrated by the king coming out of the fauces of the terrestrial monster, as the Sun leaves the mouth of the Earth; The death of the king is seen as a sunset, when it falls into the mouth of the Earth Monster. Main chronological location: Classic, 300 to 1000 d. C.

 

2nd day

                                                                                PALENQUE

 

Meaning

Palenque means in Spanish place roofed and fenced or cornered.

But the real name of Palenque is "Bakal-Há", which means "many waters", the result of the many rivers that flow into Palenque.

 

The diversity of the flora includes timber resources such as ceiba, cedar, mahogany, chicozapote, as well as guarumbo, rubber, jimba, capulin, calaguaste, canishte, coralillo, castarica, pasaque, guayacán.

 

The fauna is also varied, you can find wild boar, armadillo, raccoon, flat turtle, crocodile turtle, porcupine, coati (badger), tlacuache (opossum), kid deer, riparian iguana, boa, coralillo and king vulture, as well birds such as hummingbird, chachalacas, macaws and some toucans, although one of the most emblematic species is the howler monkey.

 

                                                                       BLUE WATERFALL

 

The flora and fauna protection area Cascadas de Agua Azul, also of the Agua Azul Waterfall, is an area of protection of flora and fauna of Mexico located in the state of Chiapas with international recognition.

 

 

Its waterfalls are formed by the tributaries of the Otulún, Shumuljá and Tulijá rivers, forming not very deep canyons with vertical cliffs that give rise to their blue and white waterfalls. They are to the north of the State of Chiapas, in the limits of the municipality of Tumbalá and the municipality of Chilon. The vegetation is mountain forest type, exuberant, in some parts it covers the river, it is common to see trunks of fallen petrified trees.

 

The waters have that beautiful blue color because of the salts of carbonates that are dissolved!


XTAMPAK - jungle and river

1st. day

                                                                         Calakmul

Calakmul means in Mayan "Two Adjacent Mounds", a name that refers to the two large structures that dominate the jungle.

 

Cultural Importance

Calakmul was discovered at the beginning of the 30s of the last century, but it is until the 80s that systematic research allows us to discover the essence of this city as one of the most important of the Classic Maya. The most recent investigations have concluded that Calakmul is the most important city of the Classic Maya and together with Tikal and Palenque they headed the political organization of the highlands. It is also the site where a greater number of stelae have been found in the Mayan area, many of them from the Late Preclassic period (400 BC). These constitute the main object of epigraphic and iconographic study, which has made possible the reconstruction of the political and dynastic history of this city. Calakmul presents a pattern of settlement that was adapted to the geography of its surroundings, its nuclear area is represented by five architectural ensembles that were connected by means of squares.

                                       

                                                                          BALAMKÚ

 

Meaning

The name of the site derives from the Mayan words: Balam (jaguar) and (temple), meaning:

"Temple of the Jaguar".

This name refers to one of the jaguars embodied in the modeled and polychrome stucco frieze that crowns the I-A Sub-structure of the Central Group, which characterizes this pre-Hispanic city.

 

Cultural Importance

In Balamkú there is a modeled and painted stucco frieze unique in the Mayan area, which was elaborated between 550 and 600 d. C. In the frieze there are 4 ascension scenes alternated with three jaguars. Each one comprises an animal with its head turned backwards, seated in the frontal slit of a mask of the Monster of the Earth; his mouth, gives way to a king on his throne. In addition to illustrating in detail the opposite and complementary aspects of the underworld, the set shows that the dynastic cycle is equated to the solar cycle. In this conception, the accession to the throne is illustrated by the king coming out of the fauces of the terrestrial monster, as the Sun leaves the mouth of the Earth; The death of the king is seen as a sunset, when it falls into the mouth of the Earth Monster. Main chronological location: Classic, 300 to 1000 d. C.

 

                                          Candelaria River - Camping and Kayak

 

The Candelaria River is born in the extreme north of Petén, in Guatemala. It runs northwestward into Mexico, in the state of Campeche, in the southern zone of the Yucatan peninsula. It ends at the Terminos Lagoon, a coastal lagoon located on the edge of the Gulf of Mexico.

 

 It is navigable in almost all its route and is perfect for the practice of aquatic sports.

For Campeche, Mexico is the most important river, because of its great flow and because it is the longest in the area. The Salto Grande is a beautiful waterfall that is adorned with large grasslands, some mangroves and a beautiful tropical vegetation, this is an area inhabited by a large number of birds, the pools that form the waterfall are ideal for bathing and enjoying a day of relaxation. There you can find several places of recreation such as fishing, if you are a lover of photography they offer you a photographic safari, kayak ride, and you can not miss the bird watching.

 


XTAMPAK - Through THE MAYAN

                                                                                                             Calakmul

Calakmul means in Mayan "Two Adjacent Mounds", a name that refers to the two large structures that dominate the jungle.

 

                                                                Cultural Importance

Calakmul was discovered at the beginning of the 30s of the last century, but it is until the 80s that systematic research allows us to discover the essence of this city as one of the most important of the Classic Maya. The most recent investigations have concluded that Calakmul is the most important city of the Classic Maya and together with Tikal and Palenque they headed the political organization of the highlands. It is also the site where a greater number of stelae have been found in the Mayan area, many of them from the Late Preclassic period (400 BC). These constitute the main object of epigraphic and iconographic study, which has made possible the reconstruction of the political and dynastic history of this city. Calakmul presents a pattern of settlement that was adapted to the geography of its surroundings, its nuclear area is represented by five architectural ensembles that were connected by means of squares.

                                                                           

                                                                             Uxmal

At present it is one of the most important archaeological sites of the Mayan culture, along with those of Chichén Itzá and Tikal. It is located in the municipality of Santa Elena in the state of Yucatan, Mexico. It is located in the so-called Puuc Zone and is the most representative city of this architectural style

 

Meaning

The current name seems to derive from Oxmal which means "three times built" and it seems to refer to its antiquity and the times it had to be rebuilt.

However the etymology is discussed, another possibility is Uchmal which means "what is to come, what is future". In this way there is a coincidence of tradition that assumes that it is an "invisible city" and was built in one night by the magic of the dwarf king.

 

 Architecture

Its buildings are typically of the Puuc style, with smooth low walls on which very ornate friezes are opened based on representations of the typical Mayan huts, which are represented by columns (representing the reeds with which the walls of huts were built ) and trapezoidal figures (representing the roofs of straw), linked snakes and, in many cases, two-headed, masks of the god of rain, Chaac with his big noses that represent the rays of storms, and serpents feathered with the jaws.


XTAMPAK - MAYAN ADVENTURE

                                                                                                                Calakmul

Calakmul means in Mayan language "Two Adjacent Mounds", a name that refers to the two large structures that dominate the jungle.

 

                                                                Cultural Importance

Calakmul was discovered at the beginning of the 30s of the last century, but it is until the 80s that systematic research allows us to discover the essence of this city as one of the most important of the Classic Maya. The most recent investigations have concluded that Calakmul is the most important city of the Classic Maya and together with Tikal and Palenque they headed the political organization of the highlands. It is also the site where a greater number of stelae have been found in the Mayan area, many of them from the Late Preclassic period (400 BC). These constitute the main object of epigraphic and iconographic study, which has made possible the reconstruction of the political and dynastic history of this city. Calakmul presents a pattern of settlement that was adapted to the geography of its surroundings, its nuclear area is represented by five architectural ensembles that were connected by means of squares.

     

                                                                           Becan

Becán is a Mayan archaeological site located in the Mexican state of Campeche.

 

Meaning

In Yucatan Maya Becan means the "ravine (or canyon) formed by water" because the most prominent and unusual feature of the site is its surrounding artificial grave. Becan can also mean "Way of the Serpent" (be = path, kan = serpent).

 

Cultural Importance

It is characterized by being surrounded by a moat, unique in the Mayan area, which, for some researchers, gives testimony of a continuous warlike activity between this and other cities of the region, and that, for others, represents a clear spatial division of the social classes, with the interior area, where the buildings of monumental architecture stand, reserved for the elite. Another function attributable to the construction of the pit is as a water supply, since the porosity of the soil does not allow the retention of rainwater. Another method of collecting rainwater is by means of deposits in the soil: chultún (in Mayan language).

 

Access to Becan was possible through seven entrances: three to the north, one to the west, two to the south and one to the east. The latter is the current access to the site!   

 

2nd day

                                                                                  Uxmal

At present it is one of the most important archaeological sites of the Mayan culture, along with those of Chichén Itzá and Tikal. It is located in the municipality of Santa Elena in the state of Yucatan, Mexico. It is located in the so-called Puuc zone and is the most representative city of this architectural style

 

Meaning

The current name seems to derive from Oxmal which means "three times built" and it seems to refer to its antiquity and the times it had to be rebuilt.

However the etymology is discussed, another possibility is Uchmal which means "what is to come, what is future". In this way there is a coincidence of tradition that assumes that it is an "invisible city" and was built in one night by the magic of the dwarf king.

 

 Architecture

Its buildings are typically of the Puuc style, with smooth low walls on which very ornate friezes are opened based on representations of the typical Mayan huts, which are represented by columns (representing the reeds with which the walls of huts were built ) and trapezoidal figures (representing the roofs of straw), linked snakes and, in many cases, two-headed, masks of the god of rain, Chaac with his big noses that represent the rays of storms, and serpents feathered with the jaws.

 

                                                                   Chichen Itza

 

Meaning

Chichén Itzá (Mayan: Boca-del-pozo (chichén) de los brujos-de-agua (Itzá)) It is one of the main archaeological sites of the Yucatan Peninsula, in Mexico. It is located in the municipality of Tinum, in the state of Yucatán.

 

 Cultural Importance

It consisted of a city or a ceremonial center, which passed through various constructive periods and influences of the different peoples that occupied it and that impelled it from its foundation.

The main buildings that remain there correspond to the period called Late Classic or Early Postclassic (800-1100 AD).

It was inscribed on the list of World Heritage by Unesco in 1988.

 

On July 7, 2007, the Temple of Kukulcán, located in Chichén Itzá, was recognized as one of the new seven wonders of the modern world, by a private initiative without the support of Unesco, but with the recognition of millions of voters around of the world.